Kenya Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Council (KENTTEC) is a state corporation mandated to coordinate all tsetse and trypanosomiasis eradication in Kenya. KENTTEC is the successor of Pan-African Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Campaign (PATTEC) in Kenya. The continental campaign (PATTEC) was formed following the African Heads of State and Governments in 2000 in Lome, Togo declaration (Decision AHG/156 (XXXVI) of the 36th Assembly of Heads of State and Government) to free Africa from tsetse and Trypanosomiasis constraint.
The PATTEC initiative came to fruition in Burkina Faso in October 2001 with the subsequent establishment of the PATTEC coordination unit at the Commission of the African Union, Addis Ababa Ethiopia to implement the plan of action. Kenya is among the first group of 6 countries namely (Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya Mali and Uganda) to implement the PATTEC project through funding from African Development Bank and the Government of Kenya.
In Kenya, the total tsetse infested area is about 138,000 Km2,which translates to 38 out of 47 counties. Eleven million people in endemic areas are at risk of sleeping sickness infection. In animals trypanosomiasis causes abortions, loss of milk, loss of draught power and therefore threatens livelihoods.
Nearly 11 million people are at risk of human sleeping sickness outbreak in the Lake Victoria ci basin and the Mara- Serengenti ecosystem. Tourism accounts for 21% of foreign exchange earnings; this sector is negatively affected by tsetse and trypanosomiasis. A reported case of sleeping sickness results in travel advisories, low tourist numbers leading to a loss in tourism revenue
PATTEC in Kenya was launched in 2005 with the goal of contributing to improved food security and poverty reduction in the tsetse infested areas. The objective was to to create sustainable tsetse-and- trypanosomosis-free areas by integrating suppression, control and eradication approaches while ensuring the reclaimed areas are sustainably, equitably and economically exploited.
PATTEC phase one, which ended in 2012 targeted tsetse eradication in 24,000 Km2 spread out three project areas namely Meru/Mwea, Lake Victoria and Lake Bogoria basins regions.
To safeguard the PATTEC achievements the government established the Kenya Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Council (KENTTEC) through Legal Notice No. 77 of July 2012 under the State Corporations Act (Cap 446) whose mandate is to coordinate eradication of tsetse in the country, set standards and mitigate the socio-economic constraints brought by T&T infestation and assume the role previously undertaken by PATTEC.
The functions of the Council as stipulated in the Legal Notice are as follows:-
Advice the Government on the policy on tsetse and trypasomiasis eradication in Kenya and its implementation;
- Recommend standards and guidelines for tsetse and trypanosomiasis eradication;
- Determine and advice the Government on national goals, priorities and strategies for tsetse and trypanosomiasis eradication;
- Co-ordinate activities of Government departments, agencies and other stakeholders at the national and county levels in matters related to tsetse and trypanosomiasis eradication;
- Promote collaboration among stakeholders on tsetse and trypanosomiasis eradication;
- Act as the lead agency on tsetse and trypanosomiasis eradication activities in Kenya;
- Act as the Government agency for tsetse and trypanosomiasis eradication, and advise the Government in its negotiations and other engagements with foreign countries and international organizations in tsetse and Trypanosomiasis eradication;
- Negotiate, source and mobilize resources for the tsetse and trypanosomiasis eradication;
- Ensure effective and efficient use of resources provided by the Government and other financiers or donors for tsetse and trypanosomiasis eradication;
- Establish and maintain an appropriate tsetse and Trypanosomiasis knowledge, information and communication system and database based on contemporary science and technology;
- Co-ordinate, guide and facilitate research and the use of technology and development of science for the purposes of eradication of tsetse and Trypanosomiasis;
- Promote and facilitate activities in all relevant sectors including land use management and sustainable livelihoods to sustain tsetse and trypanosomiasis eradication in Kenya;
- Promote public and private sector partnership for sustainable tsetse and Trypanosomiasis eradication; and
- Perform such other function as may be assigned to it by the Minister.